Assignment Help on Insomnia
Serious sleep disorders can sometimes result in chronic insomnia, which can occur in dangerous forms such as mental disorders, respiratory disorders, or unexplained movements of the legs in the middle of the night. Individuals can use several sensible approaches to resolve such issues. One pharmaceutical company has promoted a new drug to help people who suffer from insomnia. The main aim of this report is to help the company identify sufferers of insomnia in order to market the new medicine; the report also provides meaningful recommendations.
Insomnia or sleep disorder, a problem faced by majority of the people at some point in their lives. It is characterized not only due to lack of sleep but also by the inability to sleep well. Insomnia can also include difficulty falling asleep as well as a lack of sleep duration or early awakening, followed by the inability to fall asleep again. Insomnia or sleep disturbance occurs periodically in both healthy individuals and individuals with diseases. Sleep is essential for people to recover their physical strength, maintain immunity, and develop quality information processing. In addition, the synthesis and secretion of various hormones affecting the normal activity of various structures of the body occur in different phases of sleep.
This report is written for the pharmaceutical company seeking to promote a new medicine in order to help people who suffer from insomnia. This report presents four main areas: causes, signs and symptoms, consequences, and who is at risk of insomnia.
Causes of insomnia
Chronic disease such as chronic renal failure and diabetes are potent risk factors of insomnia. Coronary artery disease, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer disease are some other risk factor of sleeping disorder (LeBlanc et al., 2011).
Activities and habits of an individual also create chances of insomnia. The overall category for this risk factor is commonly known as lifestyle behaviors. This includes usage of tobacco products and smoking, alcohol intake or intake of beverages containing caffeine, physical exercises close to sleeping time, interruption in sleeping time due to work shift changes and performing activities that requires a lot of focus and attentions (Mayo clinic.2011) & (LeBlanc et al., 2011). In addition, eating big meals before going to bed at night can cause difficulty falling asleep.
Use of Medication
There are certain drugs that possess the potential to disturb the sleep of patients. Most of the drugs causing insomnia include over the counter drugs, corticosteroids, stimulants, and allergy medicines, drugs treating heart disorder and blood pressure as well as antidepressants (Mayo clinic.2011).
Changes in the environment or work schedule:
Working different shifts, either late at night or early in the morning, can create sleep disturbances. Environmental changes can cause insomnia as well. The environmental factors can also relate to sleep surroundings, including the comfort of the bed, noise, and darkness of the sleeping environment as well as temperature (e.g. too hot or too cold) of the room. All these factors can affect one’s sleep and are recognized as environmental risk factors (Weiss. T, 2013).
(Weiss. T, 2013)
Signs and Symptoms of Insomnia
The most commonly experienced psychological and physiological signs and symptoms stemming from insomnia are given below:
- Lack of concentration and poor attention
- Vocational and social dysfunctional
- Malaise and fatigue
- Daytime sleepiness
- Mood disturbance
- Headache, tension, and gastrointestinal symptoms
- Worry about sleep
- Lack of motivation and energy
- Laziness and lethargy
- Increased chances of error and accidents
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