Information technology (IT) and Environment Management (EM) are two important areas of business which require a dynamic approach for continuous improvement to maintain competitive advantage. While IT is the backbone and the nervous system of most business operations, regulatory frameworks make it imperative for all organizations to also focus on EM. Improvements in technology, whether it is for improved productivity, cleaner production or waste management, involves extensive use of IT and Information Systems (IS). Use of software and intelligent hardware increases efficiencies in production, and reduces adverse impact on the ecosystem. Importance of technology and EM is utmost in mining companies. In this report, aspects of IT, technological innovation and EM practices of Rio Tinto Ltd, a global mining giant, have been studied. The discussions focus on the existing policies and systems, and the future plans. Some suggestions for improving future performance have also been included.