Assignment Help on Management Fundamentals
The larger and ever growing organizations of today’s world have to survive in a competitive market environment and thus they need to have expertise over one another to do so. This is also termed as competitive advantage. To have an edge over the competitors, an organization needs to consider some core factors. One of the core factors of gaining a competitive advantage is the effective management of resources of an organization. The resources of an organization need a proper system of management with the help of which these resources can be used efficiently and rationally. Thus organizations hire specialists called the managers.
Managers are employees that are responsible to organize, coordinate, plan, control and lead their subordinates in any organization (Sunday and Somoye, 2011). He should have the qualities such as effective communicator, influential leader and a strategic planner. The manager should fulfill his duties with utter sense of responsibility. He is the supervisor who needs to be alert and conscious about the issues the organization for which he works (Jandaghi and Matin, Khanifar and Kiaei, 2009). Bad management could hamper the productivity of the firm and incur loses because of his inefficiency. There are a lot of theories about how a leader and manager acts and behaves in an organization. Some of the theories are great man theories, trait theories, contingency theories, situational theories, behaviorist theories, transactional theories, and transformational theories (Bolden et al., 2003).
A manager needs to make sure that he is able to supervise his subordinates well. The most important characteristics of a good manager are active problem solver, having great decision making power and ability, being fair to all the subordinates, being able to motivate and encourage the subordinates, providing clear goals and directions to the employees, practicing respect and integrity, and having a vibrant mission and vision etc. Also a good manager tends to be clear in giving instructions to his subordinates while delegating a task (Partington, Pellegrinelli and Young, 2005). Effective managerial skills fall under the following categories (Jandaghi et al., 2009).
- Technical Skills: These skills require job-specific knowledge and understanding which enables a manager to carry out particular tasks strategically.
- Human Skills: A manager should be capable of working well with the individuals as well as the groups of an organization.
- Conceptual Skills: A manager should have the ability of thinking critically and conceptually in abstract and complicated situations.
Managers work at every level of the organization. There are basically three types of managers i.e. line managers, middle managers and the top level managers. These managers have different levels of responsibilities but more or less they have same roles to play. The level of knowledge and expertise required at these levels differ but they need to have certain elements which qualify them as good managers (Safi and Burrell, 2007).
Managers are one of the core elements of an organization that are responsible to make critical and strategic decisions in many different situations that a business faces. The ability of being conscious and effectual when it comes to making proper decisions is a prerequisite for an effective manager (Brill, Bishop and Walk, 2006). Moreover, Safi and Burrell (2007) add that the managers should be quick to respond to the issues of the company. This will make him good at decision making because being responsive means that an individual has enough of knowledge and expertise that he takes the least time to act in response to any issue. In a critical situation, the manager should have the proficiency to handle the situation accordingly. For critical situations, the manager should already be prepared to deal with the matter and problem through the implementation of contingency plans and other relevant strategies (Safi and Burrell, 2007). The trait theory applies of a manager and leader applies here; the traits and qualities of an individual make him a leader. Bolden et al., (2003) argue that not everybody has the potential to become a leader and manager because it needs a lot of skills and traits to lead and direct other individuals or a team towards the firm’s strategic goals.
Employees are the most critical assets of an organization. The employees need to be managed and supervised by effective authorities who not only make the employees more productive but also make them satisfied by their job. Here the role of a manager is to look after the employee issues. The management theories of transactional leadership can be applied to this situation (Bolden et al., 2003). This theory surrounds the idea of a chain of command and the motivation of employees through rewards. Moreover, punishments are also there to prevent any lack of seriousness at work (Fry and Cohen, 2009). The human resource has to be managed by an expert who has the potential of getting the employees on work in the most effective way possible. According to (Ward, 2001), an influential leader and manager will qualify for this purpose because he will be able to encourage and motivate the employees to work hard and devotedly for the betterment of the organization. The manager has to be convincing enough that the employees listen to what he says and orders. To motivate the employees, a manager should adopt various ways of encouraging them i.e. motivation through the practice of equality and fairness among workers and forming a healthy relationship with the subordinates. Once the employees begin to trust and respect their manager, the company experiences a healthy organizational milieu. Moreover Brill et al., (2006) add that the managers can motivate the employees by giving perks, financial and non-financial rewards, satisfying their needs and practicing equality at work etc.
The above assignment is not complete, if you are looking for complete assignment, similar assignment or a new one you can contact us by filling up the quote form
How We Can Help:
If you are looking Affordable University Assignment Help by Professionals in Australia because we understand your financial constraints. You can get Best Assignment Service without exceeding your budget. Our Students always come back to us with more Academic Help because we are the only company in Australia which is providing the Best Professional Assignment Help. Our Professional Home Work Help is not limited for Australian students but international students can also avail it.