The purpose of the research is to observe the ways through which the Saudi students are coping to adjust in Australia’s different habits, language and cultural values. As it is hard for international students to adjust and this leads to mental and physical stress which is named as cultural stress. Stress refers to the reaction of people to their environment (Cummings & Worley 2009). The methods which this research proposal would be using will purely rely on quantitative approach as it is numerical and easy to analyse. While using the qualitative data, the methods of analysis are not well formulated as compared to quantitative data which has clear conventions that can be used easily (Miles & Huberman, 1984).
This research will use a category of observation that is cross-sectional study, to investigate the coping strategies for Saudi students in Australia to deal with the challenges of scholarship. The researcher should consider on analysis of various aspects; social and psychological, to determine and develop deal the coping of these problems (Creswell 2009). Accreditation on hypotheses established to identify factors affecting of the topic. The aim of this category is to use quantitative research because it is easy to analyse the information, records and provides the behaviours of the participants fully and accurately systematically.
Participants and sampling
This study is will address to explore the Saudi students on scholarships at most of universities in Adelaide. The data will collect by conducting a survey questionnaire, which will take 10 minutes to be filled up, which will administrate up to 30 participants of Saudi students on scholarships via personally from Flinders University. The questionnaire is used for the sampling because it is convenience to recruit participants in this study. The advantage of using this sampling method is that it will be quicker and easier as there is lack of time and resources.
On the other hand, I will take the written consent of the participants in the research and will make it legal and ethical. Confidentiality and privacy of the participants is the most important strategies that have been reliable in the management of this research, as one of the most important conditions for the preparation of research is ensured confidentiality of the participants and privacy because it is paramount in research topics ( Stiles & Petrila 2011).
The research is applied to determine the coping strategies for Saudi students in Australia to deal with the challenges of scholarship on social and psychological aspects. It will include a survey questionnaire for 30 participants belonging to group of scholarship students who had come to Australia from Saudi Arab. In the survey questionnaire will comprised of closed questions so as to confine the answers about the problems of adaptation and culture faced in their studies and their lives in Australia.
This survey will have 17 questions to answer. Survey questionnaire will be provided to the participants personally and selection of the participants will be by convenient method. Four of this survey questions will be accompanied by multiple choices, in addition there will be ten scale rate questions and remaining three questions will have rating to be done from (1-5). All survey will not take more than 10 minutes to be answered. The language used in the questions will be easy and simple because all the participants in this study are from Saudi Arabia and English is a second language for them.
Inference of ethics is an important characteristic of any research. Ethical concerns arise at all stages of the research process (Miller, Birch, Mauthner & Jessop, 2008). There are certain principles of ethical research which are about the researchers and the research participant’s relation. Following are the four basic principles:
The top most consideration in the research ethics is the respect of the human beings core values. It means that the knowledge regarding participant’s culture, values, customs, practices and beliefs, individually as well as collectively in the research would be respected fully. The research will purely be objective that is the Saudi student’s difference in values would not be humiliated. It will make the research blind in differences and will result in trustworthiness and participant’s dignity would be maintained. The participants will have a choice to participate voluntarily would be free to withdraw at any time without any consequence.
It is regarded as an action performed for other’s benefit. This research will provide value to the participants, their community and country. The participants will be duly informed the research’s benefits as well as the risks. The research will make sure not to harm the participants in any way be it physical, social, emotional or psychological. The protection of the participants at its maximum would be priority by giving them more benefits and lesser risks. The principle of beneficiary is because protection of research subjects is the avowed aim of regulatory oversight of clinical research (Ashcroft, Dawson, Draper, McMillan, 2007)
- Research Merit and Integrity
This research will be conducted by people with sufficient experience and ability. And all research questions will be relevant to the idea. The research will determine the arrangement between the aims, questions, methodology and methods. The researcher will be having some knowledge about the Saudi culture, history and values which will improve the integrity of research. The researcher will be committed honestly. The research will be from recognized and authentic sources.
For the recruitment of research this principle would be used, that is no group would be forced to participate and the benefits would be distributed fairly. It will make sure that no participant is exploited during research. All participants will be deal with dignity regardless of their any difference existing. In the end the research findings will be accessible to participants in a timely, clear manner that could easily be understood by the participants.
Ashcroft, Dawson, Draper, McMillan (2007) Principles of Health Care Ethics, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & sons, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, London:. .
Creswell, J, (2009), Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches 3rd Ed. Sage, Thousand Oaks, Ca.
Cummings & Worley, ( 2009), Organization Development and Change, South Western Signage, Manson USA
Miller,Birch, Mauthner & Jessop (2008) Ethics in Qualitative Research, 2nd Ed. Sage, London.
Miles & Huberman , (1984). Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods, Sage, beverley hills, Ca.
Stiles, P.G., & Petrila, J., (2011),’ Research and confidentiality: legal issues and risk management strategies’, American Psychological Association, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 333-356.